Unit cost of financial intermediation

Under construction

Liquidity creation measures

LCMs (in values and as a percentage of total assets, Total/Asset/Liability and Net worth) for fiscal years 1949‒2021 are available. For details on the measurement, see T. Gunji, A. Ono, M. Shizume, H. Uchida, and Y. Yasuda, “Liquidity creation measures for banks in Japan,” JCER Economic Journal (Nihon Keizai Kenkyu), forthcoming.

*Zenkoku banks consist of city banks, regional banks, second-tier regional banks, trust banks, and long-term credit banks. Second-tier regional banks are not included prior to 1989.